We got this from Denise Goodwin and her
amazing Cadette Scouts
wanted to take the time to thank you and let you know that my Girl Scout
troop have really enjoyed using your page,
http://www.dovemountaincivicgroup.org/hiking%20links.htm while working
on their Trail Adventure badges! Discovering great pages such as yours
makes it much more fun and easy to earn badges, so from all of us—thanks
The girls also had the fantastic idea of passing along
another helpful resource we discovered while learning how to prevent and
treat outdoor injuries. It's a great guide to outdoor first aid. It gave
us a lot of useful information and additional resources, so we hoped it
might be helpful!
Do you think you could add the girl's
suggestion to your page if it's not too much trouble? I'd absolutely love
to show them that it was up and running during our next meeting if you've
decided it was a fitting addition. I believe they would be beyond proud
and excited to know they've made a helpful contribution that could
possibly help other outdoor adventurers be a little more prepared! :)
Thanks so much again and have a lovely rest of your day,
At first glance, camping probably sounds like a relatively
safe activity. However, being out in the wilderness has
its shares of risks, and it's best to be prepared for
accidents and mishaps. Bring along a comprehensive
first-aid kit and brush up on your first-aid techniques so
you're ready for anything.
Preparing for the Unknown
It's impossible to know when and how you might need your
first-aid knowledge and skills. Perhaps you'll never need
them, or you might have to use them frequently.
Learn what to do in a variety of situations so you're
ready to respond.
Be prepared with the tools and supplies you'll need to
administer first aid.
Have the Right Tools
you're just learning about first aid, it may be best to
purchase a preassembled first-aid kit. You can always add more
items to your kit as you need them.
If you're hiking in to your campsite, don't overpack your
first-aid kit. Bring along just the essentials.
If you have access to a vehicle while you're camping, pack
a more extensive first-aid kit.
Sterilizing and Disinfecting Checklist
cuts and scrapes need to be treated while camping. You risk
infection if you don't disinfect even minor injuries.
Pack a medical disinfectant to clean wounds.
Anti-bacterial wipes help remove bacteria from a wound.
Antiseptic wipes in individual, sealed packages also help
with wound cleaning.
Bring extra clean water for drinking and to wash out
Saline solution is suitable for flushing out a wound.
Eye pads and drops are useful for cleaning out eyes.
Pack hand sanitizer to remove bacteria from hands.
Covering and Protecting a Wound
Always cover wounds to avoid infection and hasten healing.
It's best to bring a variety of different bandage sizes.
Adhesive bandages in various sizes should be waterproof.
Gauze pads in a variety of sizes will enable you to cover
bigger cuts and abrasions.
Compression wraps can cover larger wounds and also
Liquid bandage solution can cover wounds in awkward spots.
Adhesive tape and clips will hold dressings and bandages
Painkillers and Other Medication Needs
prepared with over-the-counter medications for various
situations. These products can help with basic pain and
Pain relievers ease headaches and other types of pain.
Intestinal medicines can help with constipation or
diarrhea, both of which can happen with a change in
Bring antihistamines to treat allergic reactions.
Hot and cold packs can treat injuries such as pulled
Sting remedies help relieve pain and itching from insect
Sunscreen with a rating of at least SPF 30 will help
Sunburn relief ointment and aloe vera lotion can help ease
pain from sunburn and other rashes and burns.
forget to pack other first-aid supplies that will help you
treat injuries. You'll be glad to have these items with you
when something happens.
Anyone who takes medication needs to bring it with them.
It may also be prudent to bring extra medication.
Pack a cutting instrument to cut bandages and tweezers to
Non-latex gloves can help prevent infection when you're
needle and thread will enable you to sew up rips in
clothing and even a wound in an emergency.
Bring a fire source such as a lighter or waterproof
matches. A rechargeable headlamp or lantern will also
allow you to see in the dark.
first-aid manual will give you important information if
you're responding in an unfamiliar situation.
How to Carry a First-Aid Kit
Assembling an extensive first-aid kit usually means that
you'll have a lot of gear and equipment to take with you.
Packing it all in a secure container is important.
Fishing tackle boxes make good first-aid kit containers
because they have a strong outer shell and many
Toolboxes are also ideal, although metal ones can be
laptop bag will often have both large and small
compartments for organization, and it will fit easily in a
Guidelines for Broken Bones
Immobilizing a broken bone with a splint or sling will be the
primary goal, so stop wherever the injury occurs so you can
administer first aid. Continued movement of an injured limb
may make the injury worse. Be ready to give painkillers, too.
Use a sling for an arm injury. You can make a sling out of
a piece of clothing. The goal is to support the arm and
splint is often used for a leg injury. Tie a stick or
metal pole to the injured limb to immobilize it.
What if Someone Is Unconscious and Still Breathing?
The acronym DRSABCD is important when responding to someone
who is breathing but unconscious. Following this acronym will
enable you to assist someone while also keeping them safe.
Danger: Make sure the scene is safe.
Response: Assess the person to see if they can respond to
Send: Call for emergency help.
Airway: Open the person's mouth and unblock their airway
Breathing: Look and listen for breathing.
CPR: Perform 30 chest compressions and two breaths.
Defibrillation: Use an automated defibrillator if needed.
What if Someone Is Unconscious and Not Breathing?
someone is unconscious and not breathing, they need CPR
immediately. It's still crucial to call for help, though.
Call for help first, and then start CPR. Continue CPR for
as long as you can or until help arrives.
Follow the DRSABCD acronym, but prioritize CPR and the
Unless you're a snake expert, you probably don't know if a
snake is poisonous or not. Always assume that a snake is
poisonous, and proceed accordingly if a snake bite happens.
Follow the DRSABCD procedure. Make sure the snake is gone
before moving on to the other steps.
Check for breathing and start CPR if necessary.
Keep the victim as quiet as possible to prevent the venom
from traveling through the body. Put a bandage over the
bite and wrap it snugly to apply pressure.
stroke is a medical emergency. Administer first aid, and
transport the victim to a hospital as soon as possible.
Keep the victim quiet and still as much as possible. Move
the person into the shade, loosen tight clothing, and call
for emergency services.
Place ice packs in the armpits and groin; this is where
the major blood vessels are.
Don't try to drop their body temperature too quickly, as
this can induce shock.
Hypothermia and Frostbite
Hypothermia involves abnormally low body temperature due to
winter elements. Respond quickly if you suspect hypothermia.
Frostbite involves the blood moving out of the extremities
because of cold. Symptoms include skin turning a white color.
Shield the victim from the wind and cold as quickly as
possible. If clothing is wet, remove it and replace it
with dry clothes.
Do not put the victim in a hot bath. Instead, wrap them in
lots of blankets so their body can generate the heat it
Do not submerge frostbitten extremities in hot water, as
this will cause damage. Get emergency help to treat
Common Minor Injuries
active outdoors can cause a variety of minor injuries like
cuts and scrapes. Some injuries may need to be seen by a
doctor, but many won't.
Always clean any area of broken skin. Apply antiseptic
ointment and cover the wound.
Clean the wound periodically, and keep it covered with
Preventing injuries is the best course of action. Use common
sense, don't push your limits, and stay vigilant for signs of
Always tell someone where you're going before you head off
into the outdoors.
Bring along a mobile phone or satellite phone for
Don't go into the wilderness alone.
Pack the gear you'll need to protect yourself from the
elements and keep yourself safe.
Don't take unnecessary risks, and stay aware of your